Today, October 19, marks the World Day for Breast Cancer, one day in order to educate all women about the disease.

The World Day for Breast Cancer is a day designed to encourage all women to be diagnosed early to have a better chance to eradicate cancer from the body, since, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), every 30 seconds is diagnosed with breast cancer.

prevent_Breast_Cancer

Only in our country, are detected each year about 16,000 new cases of breast cancer through early detection campaigns and programs, mammograms, and also due to the progressive aging of the population.
“Make a mammography”Is the slogan chosen by the Spanish Association Against Cancer (AECC) to emphasize the importance of early detection in reducing the health consequences of this disease. In Spain, currently 90 percent of women diagnosed are cured.

What is breast cancer?

The breast cancer results in an abnormal growth of this tissue and messy, specifically breast cells. Breast cancer refers to a tumor malignancy that develops from mammalian cells. This cancer is the cause of death of a large number of women of all ages, being more likely in women over 40 years, while only 6 percent affects women under 35. In recent years, the incidence of this disease has increased considerably.

Risk factors for breast cancer

First, the age, since the probability of developing breast cancer increases after age 40, especially after menopause. After 60 years, the risk is 4 percent, compared with 0.43 percent which is to be between the ages of 30 and 39.

The biggest factor is sex, a woman is the biggest risk factor, because although men can develop this disease in women is breast cells grow and change constantly, due mainly to the activity of hormones female estrogen and progesterone. Genetics is also a risk factor, so you have more chances of developing this cancer if anyone in your family has suffered. Likewise, if you’ve had breast cancer, you are more likely to re-develop.

If you have received radiation therapy to the chest, especially when radiation is applied at the stage of breast development (during adolescence), you are more likely to develop breast cancer. Similarly, any alteration abnormal breast cells can influence the development of the disease. Alcohol, snuff and the frequent use of oral contraceptives are increasing the potential impact of breast cancer.

Exercise is a positive factor for breast cancer prevention. The American Cancer Society advisable to perform physical exercise 45 to 60 minutes at least 5 days a week. In addition, exercise helps fight stress and anxiety, possible risk factors. Food is a risk factor, although not specifically determined which foods may affect this condition. Therefore, we recommend a diet low in fat and rich in fruits and vegetables.

Breast Cancer Symptoms

Breast pain and the presence of pellets or tumors are not always signs of cancer. However, medical care that can confirm or not the presence of breast cancer. The recommended initial medical examinations from age 40, but no symptoms, since, according to specialists, 1.5 percent of asymptomatic women have a suspicious lesion on mammography. Also to prevent this disease, self-examination is recommended after age 20.