The diabetes mellitus 1, which is also known as ‘youth’, is a type of autoimmune disease that occurs mainly in children and adolescents. Causes the destruction of some endocrine cells in the pancreas, which secrete hormones into the bloodstream and to check the blood sugar level. Specifically, the hormones responsible for performing this task are the insulin and glucagon, and if you are hit by this disease, you need to assume specific drugs able to regulate their blood glucose levels. Should also be taken precise eating habits and need to practice a regular physical activity, but as you read on you will find important information that will explain what to do in such circumstances.


When insulin is absent or scarce, the body can not make use of glucose , an important element for the production of energy. The glucose taken with food and not used, it is removed by copious amounts of urine (polyuria) and this causes a considerable increase in the sensation of thirst (polydipsia). Occurs also a ‘sudden and apparently unjustified weight decrease (polyphagia paradoxical), but this happens because many nutrients are ejected. Medical research on this disease have not yet put in relief with certainty the causes, but studies so far carried out, reveal that genetic, hereditary and environmental resulting in its appearance.

People with type 1 diabetes, will have to take daily medications prescribed by a specialist which consists of daily injections containing insulin , but it should be noted that nutrition plays a role important. It is obviously essential to follow the instructions of your doctor, but you must avoid or reduce foods containing sugar and honey, cakes, ice cream, jams and dried or fresh fruit with a high sugar concentration. Instead, you should eat pasta and brown rice, vegetables, artificial sweeteners, fruits and foods with low amounts of sugars.

An important aid in maintaining good blood glucose in the blood , it has with the use of simple tools that allow easy measurement: it comes to performing a tiny and painless puncture in a fingertip and this can be done at any time independently of the To finish the day, we add that when people with juvenile diabetes are obese or overweight, must also be followed by a dietitian, but remember that it is also very important to practice a healthy and constant physical activity , which makes it better action insulin and tends to lower the blood sugar as it increases the consumption of glucose .