High blood pressure is the excess pressure of the blood against the walls of blood vessels. Organ damage occurs in the short or long term.

The pressure or tension of the blood is the force of blood has a circular to all parts of the body. High blood pressure is persistently elevated values ​​of blood pressure in the veins and arteries and is suffered by more than 60% of people older than 60 years. One feature of arterial hypertension is that their harmful effects on the organism may occur after years of suffering, at least most of them.

The famous and tragically disappeared Rene Favaloro Argentine cardiologist, hypertension called “the silent murderer” that usually does not have symptoms, people who have it feel good.

Variable values ​​of the arterial hypertension

Values ​​of hypertension are variable and are measured by two numbers, the systolic and high call round a normal value of 120 mmHg and diastolic downward or that is considered normal in 80 mmHg (this measurement is in millimeters of mercury above atmospheric pressure). Hypertension is considered to occur when values ​​exceed 140 systolic and 90 diastolic.

Blood pressure is oscillating changes per second or per minute and it is important not to exceed these values ​​that are considered normal for significant periods. There are cases in which normal blood pressure that exceeds the limit established and, as in the case of pregnant women.

Causes of blood hypertension

95% of the causes of high blood pressure are unknown, is called primary hypertension. In general, those who are suffering from overweight or electrolyte imbalances and dysfunctions in the body. The electrolytic imbalances are abnormal levels of chemicals contained in the blood, such as sodium, potassium and calcium.


The remaining 5% of cases of high blood pressure, called secondary kidney diseases comes from (usually in children and adolescents), pregnancy, drug and alcohol, suffering from tumors, salted food intake, stress, smoking, anxiety and anxiety, drug use without medical supervision self-indicating nor guarantee a pharmacy, etc.

Symptoms of hypertension

Many people go to the doctor thinking they have hypertension have headache, red eyes, vertigo, dizziness or chest pain, but these symptoms have nothing to do with high blood pressure, because a person who has no feeling, it feels good . Hypertension attacks can occur suddenly and after a while causing serious damage to health as:

* blindness
* cardiovascular accident (CVA)
* renal

These are symptoms that can cause serious permanent disabilities for the rest of life.

Treatment and prevention of hypertension

Mindful that this is a widespread disease, hypertension should focus attention on its preventive and dissemination. To this recommended some simple therapeutic measures that prevent, namely:

* A proper diet with foods low in salt (sodium): The food industry uses sodium to preserve food, and to ingest salt is consumed, so recommended natural foods without preservatives. Also in many countries tends to remove salt shakers from restaurant tables.
* Physical activity: proper exercise training does not mean high competition or anything, to walk 30 minutes three or four times a week is enough.
* Medications are drugs that help lower high blood pressure and those suffering from the condition in chronically, should be taken permanently.

Consult a doctor

This article is general in nature and does not replace consultation with medical professionals, so if in doubt you should go in consultation with those.