Type 2 diabetes is the most common manifestation of this disease. Genetics and an inadequate diet are some of the most common causes.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common manifestation of this disease. Although the Type 1 diabetes, Formerly known as juvenile diabetes, was the variety that occurs most often in children and young people, now type 2 diabetes is increasingly common in this segment of the population.

Studies to this effect in the United States have yielded figures ranging between 8% and 45% for type 2 diabetes in the total cases diagnosed with diabetes. This represents a significant increase tends to be associated with increased obesity, although it seems clear that they also strongly related to geographic location and racial and ethnic group, as in black people, as well as the source Hispanic, there is a higher than average incidence.

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Causes of type 2 diabetes

In the case of type 2 diabetes the pancreas does produce insulin but the body does not respond properly, is what is known as insulin resistance and results in less ability of glucose to enter cells and provide energy. This process involves the risk of occurrence of an elevated level of blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and the consequent overuse of the pancreas to produce more insulin, the pancreas can lead to collapse and lose the ability to produce the insulin needed feed the cells and keep a lid on blood sugar levels in the blood.

Note that not all people with insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes. Everything depends on the ability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin, however it is a very important signal that usually indicates that the person with this deficiency is likely to have acquired the disease. Also the obesity is a factor significantly. This is because the fat makes it more difficult for the body’s ability to use insulin.

Type 2 diabetes, unlike type 1 which may manifest as sudden and severe symptoms, usually develops gradually and is very common in obese individuals is diagnosed, although it may occur in thin people, especially when it comes to people the elderly. Family history and genetics seem to play an important role in the onset of this disease, as well as an inadequate diet or having a history of gestational diabetes.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes

Symptoms associated with this disease may become evident much later or not. The most common symptoms, when present, consist of increased thirst, fatigue and an increased frequency in urination. Other symptoms that may occur are areas of thickened skin (acanthosis nigricans), The Polycystic ovary syndrome, Hypertension or high cholesterol levels and triglycerides.

Longer term complications can occur such as stroke, cardiovascular disease, vision problems, kidney disease or other problems with blood vessels, gums and nerves. These problems often have a higher incidence in adults in which the disease is not adequately controlled at the time.

Diagnosis and treatment of type 2 diabetes

The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is made by blood tests: the fasting glucose level, the random (non-fasting), the hemoglobin A1c test and testing of oral glucose tolerance. To adequately manage the disease is advisable to visit the doctor every three months, blood pressure monitoring, reviewing and revising the eye skin, legs and bones. Should also be annual reviews of the kidneys and visit the dentist every six months.

As for treatment, knowing that it is a chronic disease, the primary objective is to keep blood sugar levels checked and if possible prevent future complications associated with this disease. To do this, and moderate exercise diet are two basic elements. And of course, the medication should be administered, a circumstance in which both parties must have the widest possible knowledge on how to react to contingencies such as high or low blood sugar, or how the presence of related conditions, and the acquisition and storage of drugs specific to diabetes.