Where almonds come from, how they grow, the ways in which we can buy them and how healthy they are. You can even make you thin.

Originally from Asia centuries ago there was the almonds in the diet is important. About Greece and Italy came to us the almond. Because almond trees are frost sensitive, they are in Europe, mainly in the Mediterranean region, mainly grown in Spain. Other major producing areas are California, South America and Australia. Even in ancient times, almonds have been used not only as a basic foodstuff, but also as a remedy, such as asthma. The toxic hydrocyanic acid of bitter almond was given in small quantities for coughs.

Almond tree and fruit

The almond tree tolerates wind, drought and heat, but sensitive to frost. It is deciduous, its leaves are lanceolate. In the spring it blooms beautifully white or pink, the ripening of the fruit is oblong-oval during the summer. Almond trees are up to 5 meters high and about 50 years old. The raw fruit bowl in which sits the covered by a brown envelope amygdala is greenish-beige to light brown.

diet-s

Sweet and bitter almonds, stone fruit and not to belong to the nuts, can grow on a tree. Normally, the proportion of bitter almonds is about 2% to 5%. In California, could be achieved by cultivation, the trees that produce 100% of sweet almonds. There are also pure cultures grown with bitter almond trees.

Harvesting, processing, trade forms and applications

Almonds are harvested by machine in the summer. The trees are shaken, the ripe almonds covered with the outer husk to the ground, from where they are absorbed. To prevent mold growth, the soft, green and beige cover will be removed immediately. Also to prevent mold growth, the fruits before they can be stored, dried in the stone bowl. In shell almonds can be stored for up to 36 months, the brown amygdala is up to 24 months shelf life. They should be wrapped airtight. The brown envelope can be explained by short brewing in water easily removed, then should be allowed to dry the seeds. It differs, apart from the single almond varieties, mainly between sweet and bitter almonds.

Nutrition and ingredients

According to recent studies to have the daily consumption of 60 g of almonds against diabetes, cardiovascular disease (lowering cholesterol), and osteoporosis protection. Almonds also act as it was found assisting with the desired weight loss. They possess in comparison with nuts only an average fat content. 100g 53g fat and 570 calories. Even small amounts have a high saturation value. The fat contained in almonds are particularly valuable: 65% and 21% are simply polyunsaturated fatty acids.

They also contain 19% high quality protein, which is also important for the vegetarian diet. Since calcium and magnesium found here in such a favorable ratio, the two minerals are particularly well absorbed by the body. In addition, copper, potassium, iron, selenium and zinc are included. Large amounts of vitamin E and B-vitamins also suggest a positive effect. In an analysis of 20 flavonoids have been identified (particularly in the almond skin). This cell damage and prevent clogging of the arteries before.

To record the valuable ingredients, it is important to chew the almonds are difficult to digest well.Sweet almonds in a pack can, as mentioned, some bitter almonds always be included. These are characterized by their content of toxic hydrogen cyanide, however crude. (Already five bitter almonds in small children can lead to health problems.) After baking or cooking, they have lost their virulence.