The ear is a very unique and complex organ and is responsible for our hearing, as well as of our balance. There are three parts: the outer ear, which sends the sound from the outside to the tympanic membrane, the medium through which his bones, transmits the sound to the inner ear, in which organs are already receptors to record sounds and keep balance. Hearing is one of the five senses and if there is no door disability and large imbalances in our body. We see his major diseases that can, if left untreated, result in irreparable damage.

The more severe the hearing loss, which is manifested by the partial or total loss of hearing. It is usually the result of trauma or disease, but it can also be caused by dysfunction or congenital malformations of hereditary character. With surgery you can solve most of the problems that cause deafness and with appropriate prosthesis can greatly improve or totally the quality of sound perception, if we can not recover from diseases that cause deafness.


The diseases that affect the outer ear may result from congenital or acquired. In the first case you may notice an ear canal too narrow or wide, ears flat, the pavilion which departs from his skull or rib incomplete. The acquired malformations are abnormal folds in the pavilion, a cartilage injury or trauma or injury to the same repair. Even tuberculosis skin can lead to malformation of the external ear.

You can also have obstruction of the ear canal for cerement plugs, epidermal desquamation, inflammation or the presence of foreign bodies especially in young children, but also in adults in the case, for example, the inclusion of a bug. The diseases that affect the inner ear are usually inflammatory in nature, and are usually associated with, or are the result of another disease, untreated or treated improperly.

It is mainly Otis and etiology of various forms, which may be acute if caused by bacteria or related to problems of allergy or viral. Otis media is an acute catarrh instead inflammation with the formation of mucus or serum in the eardrum. Caused by colds or adenoid hypertrophy, especially in children may be present in one or both ears. It may be painful or cause only a sense of fullness and deafness.

Nell Otis media acute purulent you may have as a result of viral diseases or flu and is very painful. If not treated promptly can lead to perforation of the eardrum with the excretion of purulent fluid and its complications are mastoids and hearing impairments. It is treated with antibiotics and mainly manifests with fever and emission of pus. All forms of ear infections can become chronic and recur if the underlying causes are not eliminated.

The diseases of the ear are the most dangerous internal Manicure’s syndrome, the maze sclerosis and disposition. The first is manifested by vertigo, tinnitus and deafness sometimes lasting longer or shorter. It is due to labyrinthine disease sometimes caused by ear infections and care varies depending on the case. maze sclerosis This is due to trauma or occupational noise, aging, causes deafness and balance problems difficult to treat. The disposition, is a congenital disease that causes deafness and is caused by an ‘excess ossification extended to the inner wall of the tympanum.