It is known as social phobia fear that some people have the time to relate to other human beings or to face everyday situations.

Some of the fears that characterize this kind of phobia are: public speaking, attending social gatherings, have appointments with potential partners, express disagreements or look in the eye, among others.

Social anxiety disorder ( SAD ) has its beginnings in childhood or early adolescence, when the need arises to socialize and interact with the opposite sex. The average age varies between 14 and 20 years, and approximately one in eight people suffer. The TAS is not manifested in the same way, but a person may feel fear in a single circumstance, but feel relaxed in another context. Currently considered that there are two types of TAS: widespread if it occurs in all social situations and specific when there is only one of them.

The origin of this behavior occurs in biological elements, linked to the amygdala and its ability to be alert and detect danger, and psychological, accompanied by low self-esteem and perfectionism, a situation that leads people to be in constant tension in respect to their own actions and comments.


Symptoms and treatment

Some of the physical symptoms experienced by patients are sweating, hand tremors, changes in voice, shortness of breath and muscle tension. As for the psychological aspect, the person has an irrational fear of the possibility of a negative act towards others. This causes anxiety, so people avoid social contact.

Experts say that the treatment includes two parts: psycho education, related to give patients and their families with any information about the disease, and on the other hand cognitive behavioral therapy in which you work directly with the thoughts and beliefs of each patient. Learning new techniques allows the patient to break the fear that everything you do is going to embarrass or humiliate, as well as provides tools that allow them to interact with their environment healthy.

In some cases, the doctor will prescribe anti-anxiety or selective serotonin re uptake inhibitors, although these represent a minority of patients. When it falls to the family and friends is essential to accompany from affection, and not confuse social phobia shyness . Should not minimize the situation, because as time passes the disorder increases. If necessary, a specialist should be consulted to reach a diagnosis and appropriate treatment in order to achieve recovery.