Many people confuse with the other disease despite being very different. Here you will learn to identify and find the best treatment.

When you hear that someone has rheumatism draw different conclusions. That’s because rheumatism is not a specific disease, but is often used synonymously with a branch of medicine known as Rheumatology.

What is Rheumatology

The Rheumatology is a specialty of medicine that is responsible for studying and treating a large number of diseases affecting the body’s connective tissue and muscles, bones or joints. It includes such diverse disorders such as lupus erythematosus, fibromyalgia, gout, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.


Many of them also end up affecting glands, skin, lungs or heart. Then they are known as systemic diseases as they not only alter a joint, but appear in other areas and tissues.

Differences between OA and

* Osteoarthritis is the breakdown of hyaline cartilage of one or more joints. Arthritis, however, is chronic inflammation of multiple joints, large or small.
* Osteoarthritis generally affects one side of the body, such as a knee or a hip more than the other. The change is symmetrical arthritis (affecting both sides of the body).
* Osteoarthritis may not show symptoms and be detected early before a new radiographic study. And always correspond to the affected joint. The onset of arthritis is insidious and instead presents both articular and extra articular symptoms (subcutaneous nodules, anemia, eye disorders, lung, kidney or heart).
* Therefore, although both are rheumatic diseases, osteoarthritis is a local involvement while arthritis is a systemic or generalized.

Joint symptoms

* In osteoarthritis, joints are rarely hot or swollen. In contrast to the arthritis itself, and only touch the pain worsens.
* Osteoarthritis pain begins after a few minutes of activity and subsides with rest. Uncharged activities improve symptoms. In arthritis, the pain is constant, greatly increases the activity and subsides with rest but never completely. The joint is inflamed, move or not.
* In both conditions there morning stiffness by prolonged inactivity, although this symptom of osteoarthritis is reversed after a few minutes arthritis may take several hours.

Treatments for pain

* Both osteoarthritis and in arthritis, treatment is directed from two different approaches: the referral pain when it occurs and the physical improvement of the patient to prevent progression of the disease.
* As for the pain, osteoarthritis pain management by mouth usually successful. Also the addition of chondroitin sulfate to the diet.
* Arthritis instead to be a systemic disease requires specific, harder drugs monitored by the physician, such as inflammatory and disease-modifying drugs.
* They are also helpful for both conditions some therapies alternatives that aim to balance the patient, as well as Home Remedies which are useful.
* A diet practice is paramount.
* There Exercises for arthritis to help relieve symptoms.
* To halt the advance rehabilitation is always kinesics, which seek to mobilize the affected joints and those that do not improve muscle strength and flexibility of the patient, as well as educate you on how things are recommended to do and what things are best avoided.
* In some cases where joint deformation is important, we resort to surgery.

The presence of a multidisciplinary team is key in the case of patients suffering from rheumatoid diseases they (psychologists, nurses, occupational therapists besides the doctor and nutritionist and kinesiologist rheumatologist). With it you can find containment and guidelines to improve their quality of life.