Although unfortunately still no miraculous methods to cure cancer, medicine is advancing rapidly to fight the terrible disease.

The cancer is the second leading cause of death, according to data provided by the National Statistics Institute (INE), second only to cardiovascular disease. Currently, 26.9% of deaths are caused by this horrible case. So, is there hope that someday cure cancer in most cases and can be considered under control? Although it is of rigueur to note that much remains to be moving at least significant progress is being made. Today we have developed many medicines to treat cancer, allowing patients increasingly survive in better conditions.

Difficulties researchers

The main obstacle for researchers are the huge differences between what have each of those affected. What works for one patient has nothing to do with what we need another one. To fix it need personalized cancer medicine, which is diagnosed by heart each patient to adjust the treatment you need exactly what the cancer so far is almost impossible.

” In cancer we have very few varieties of chemotherapy , but with the emergence of a field of specific drugs and increasingly refined diagnoses based on the genetics of the tumor and the individual, we can go setting clinical guidelines for everyone ” oncologist says Joan Massague Sole, director of the Department of Genetics and Cancer Biology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, and deputy director of the Institute of Biomedical Research of Barcelona. In 2010 moderated the opening of the conference Towards Personalized Cancer Medicine, which brought together scientists from around the world in Barcelona in 2010.

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The diagnostics will continue to improve rapidly. ” Although at present there are techniques that facilitate an individualized approach, the number of them will most likely grow exponentially in the next ten years, so any reference center must be prepared to enhance and develop aspects with molecular and genetic diagnosis , “says Dr. Andres Cervantes, the Clinical Hospital of Valencia.

Gene therapies for each tumor

One of the great advances in the fight against corruption has been the investigation of gene therapy that can be applied for each tumor. Since cancer is a group of different diseases, each type of tumor is caused by a particular case. For example, today we know that colorectal cancer is the most frequent in Spain is caused by mutation of K-Ras gene, so the goal would be to treat this problem. Gene therapy is a process that involves inserting genetic material in every cell, in particular functional copies. The goal is that this produces a normal protein.

While studying was much earlier, in 1990 it was shown that gene therapy had real therapeutic possibilities. The technique is still being developed and implemented fully controlled clinical trials. It has various applications, such as treatment of hereditary diseases, but also used to treat acquired. Of these, the most common cancer. Among the different strategies employed highlights the inclusion of tumor antigens, in order to get what is called an immune response, the immune system distinguish cancer cells from healthy and remove them for the proper functioning of the body.

Radiation therapy has advanced considerably in recent years. In the field of linear accelerators highlights new radiation system Novalis powered by TrueBeam STx, located in institutions like the Institute of Cancer Medicine and Molecular Asturias (IMOMA), an innovative solution to address the tumors. It is revolutionary for its versatility, great precision, accuracy and control systems to protect healthy organs during treatment. Furthermore, it is six times faster than conventional accelerators.

Institute of Cancer Medicine and Molecular Asturias

The Institute of Cancer Medicine and Molecular Asturias (IMOMA) is an example of an institution that carries out important research aimed at elucidating the causes and mechanisms of cancer. Medical institutions that have holdings in Masaveu Group (66%) and Cajastur (33%). Engaged in comprehensive cancer care, applying scientific and technological edge for the diagnosis and individualized treatment of the disease. Although so far all IMOMA agencies were at the Medical Center of Asturias, to accommodate the new radiotherapy service, the facilities have been extended with a new building. It is one of the most advanced in the world, to have the radiotherapy system powered by TrueBeam STx Novalism, a sophisticated linear accelerator which is found only in the most prestigious medical institutions.