Halfway between the disease and discomfort everyday personality disorders have become a major focus of interest for physicians and patients.

According to DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders of the American Society of Psychiatric) personality disorders encompass a variety of abnormalities in the way you feel, act and relate to others by a person. According to psychiatrist M. Valdes, Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Barcelona, ​​allow, in turn, to classify individuals in subjects that have “strange”, “immature” and “fearful”.

Disorders paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal personality

People with any of these disorders are usually included within the category of “foreign subjects.” In general, tend to be people who experience great difficulty in establishing relationships. They are introverted, extremely cold and not very empathetic. Many of their antisocial behavior are markedly.

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1. Paranoid Personality Disorder Or “You can not trust anyone”. These are people very prone to mistrust, hypersensitivity to minor details outside and authoritarianism. They tend to place people above or below them. They love and moral standard. In their relationships, can become very jealous. Under many cases abuse Can find patterns characteristic of this disorder.
2. Schizoid Personality Disorder Or “You can knock on the door, but no one is home”. These individuals tend pathologically loneliness. They are introverted and expressionless. Although they can give the feeling of living “in his own world”, this “world” rarely exists, since many of these patients admit they do not have too many interests or concerns.
3. Schizotypal personality disorder, or “I’m like everyone else”. Schizotypal disorder characterized by marked “eccentricity” of sufferers. Dress, behave and speak in strange ways. Often take an interest in matters magical, spiritual and mystical, so this condition can be confused with schizophrenia. It is common to find such personalities among beggars, vagabonds and outcasts.

Histrionic, antisocial, narcissistic and borderline personality

The second group comprises the so-called “immature subjects.” They are characterized by mood swings, an uncontrolled emotions and behaviors that directly conflict with social norms. As referred to psychiatrists Millon and Davis in his book Personality Disorders: Beyond DSM-IV people around them often accused of capricious and spoiled, and the people you consider not to be trusted.

1. Histrionic personality disorder, or “Depart, you just get the star”. They are people too “theatrical” thirsty for attention and affection from others. Their relationships are very shallow and can become warm, seductive show to get attention. They are emotionally unstable and suffer continuous frustration because of it.
2. Antisocial Personality Disorder, or “I will do whatever they want, how you want and whenever you want”. The antisocial personality is much more common in men than in women. It is characterized by a total disregard for social norms, coldness, lack of fear and love of immediate rewards. Antisocial disorder may begin to speak since childhood and often can evolve into crime.
3. Narcissistic Personality Disorder, or “Because I’m worth it”. Individuals with this type are exaggerated and unrealistic idea of ​​their own importance, are considered worthy of special treatment and fantasize prestigious and successful companies, for their lack of realism not usually come to fruition. In their relations with others, are selfish, unloving and vehement.
4. Borderline Personality Disorder, or “I myself understand me”. Perhaps it is the personality disorder that generates more psychiatric complications. These are people who lack the minimum resources to live with themselves and others without suffering anxiety, depression or deep discomfort. Starring very frequent episodes of uncontrolled, which may be involved or not toxic consumption. In general, patients with this clinic are under 20 years.

Personality disorders avoidant, dependent and obsessive-compulsive

The last group includes subjects “anxious or fearful.” Its main feature is the fear, constant and pathological. They are people who fear punishment and extremely frustrated, constantly anticipating. Thus, live permanently blocked and fail to acquire basic strategies necessary for independent adult life.

1. Personality Disorder Avoidant, or “better not to risk being hated “. Individuals with this disorder fear traits overly negative assessment of the people around them and they fear ridicule. They need constant and unmistakable signs of approval to socialize, that never adequately perceive. As a result, established avoidance strategies (not hanging out with friends on the pretext of illness, for example) that if they become recurrent, recently condemned to solitude.
2. Disorder Dependent Personality or “I am nothing without you”. These people can not tolerate loneliness, to which they feel an extreme fear. As a result, they often seek protection another person, which adhere unconditionally. The very fear of abandonment may lead them to act against their “protectors” of remarkably submissive and tolerant ways. Their self-esteem is very low, and may have frequent depressions and feelings of guilt.
3. Obsessive compulsive personality disorder, or “What I fear most in this world is wrong”. This is a very personality type as perfectionism, order and discipline. His greatest fear is the mistake, they resort to constant checks before embarking on any task. However, never get to be totally safe, leading them to a state of continuous anxiety.