The narcissistic personality disorder is based on an absolute selfishness and a total lack of empathy.

The narcissistic personality disorder stems from Narcissus, a mythological figure of extraordinary beauty, son Cephisus River and the nymph liriope, but was unable to love despite the nymphs that had completely captivated. One of them, the nymph Echo, loved to be consumed by his own lust. Legend has it that one day Narcissus stopped a source for drinking water during a hunt. As they approached the shore and see their image reflected, he was so attracted by her own beauty that fell overboard and drowned.

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Obsessive compulsive and histrionic and psychopathic

The symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder can be confused with other disorders, such as histrionic personality disorder. The difference is that the latter does not present the typical sense of grandiosity characteristic of the narcissist. The psychopath also shares many traits, as indeed is also narcissistic liar addition, superficial, clearly abusive, and with an obvious lack of empathy. The psychopath’s distinctive features are to be found in impulsivity, its destructiveness, aggression, and conscious deception and evil that dwells forever in the mind of a psychopath. The obsessive compulsive disorder also shares traits with narcissistic disorder. However, while the narcissist is considered perfect, obsessive compulsive pursuing the same goal without ever reaching the whole.

Narcissistic Personality: Symptoms

The narcissistic personality disorder is evident in those individuals whose egocentrism I created a great need for admiration, along with a self-image distorted, makes any activity or achievement, which boast shamelessly, go fully into the hype and is completely disconnected from its true reality.

His inability to feel any empathy for others, not prevent them highly susceptible to criticism and frustration, may react in a way challenging. Constantly need to be fed his egocentricity by those around them. Are trapped by their own fantasies of unlimited success and are absolutely convinced they are special and can only engage on equal terms with persons or special institutions. They are pretentious and have no qualms about taking advantage of others to achieve their goals. His arrogant behavior does not stop feeling envious of others and think that others are envious of their supposed qualities. The disorder begins by early adulthood and can be viewed in different contexts.

Diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder

The narcissistic personality disorder is included in the DSM-IV. The diagnostic criteria based on which the reference manual includes nine items identifying the disorder. However, the expression of five of these symptoms is considered sufficient to endorse the presence of the disorder. The diagnosis is based on the following:

¤ A grandiose sense of self-importance.
¤ A permanent state where there are fantasies of success, power, brilliance, beauty or ideal love unlimited.
¤ The belief of being someone special and unique and can only understand him, or should only interact with other people or institutions or special high status.
¤ Demand for excessive admiration.
¤ Always have the feeling of “being in the right”, which translates into unreasonable prospects of receiving a special favorable treatment or automatic approval to their expectations.
¤ Tendency to interpersonal exploitation, ie to take advantage of others to achieve their own goals.
¤ Lacking empathy, the absolute inability to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others.
¤ Often have envy of others or believe that others are envious.
¤ Present attitudes or arrogant or haughty behaviors.

Treatment of narcissistic disorder

Personality disorders are often the most difficult disorders to treat, as they form an integral part of what defines an individual and self-perceptions. Treatment aims to strengthen coping skills and interpersonal relationship skills through psychotherapy.

The therapist should not ignore the characteristics of narcissism so as not to endanger the patient’s self-image, and refrain from addressing the need for self-aggrandizement. It should ultimately help the patient to use its features to develop a narcissistic self-image based on real values ​​of positive self-esteem without falling into the fear of underestimation.