Its incidence is twice as frequent among women as among men due to hormonal influences. It is caused by the activation of a brain mechanism that leads to the release of inflammatory substances causing pain around the nerves and blood vessels of the head.

Migraines Symptoms

Migraine episodes are usually characterized by:

  • moderate to severe headache
  • Pain on one side of the head and throbbing;
  • worsens with ordinary physical activity;
  • can last from a few hours to 2 or 3 days;
  • Nausea, discomfort in light noise may occur;
  • Episodes occur with a frequency ranging from one a year to one a week.

Sometimes (around 15% of patients) the pain is preceded by a phenomenon known as “aura” in which there is a visual distortion in the form of bright lights lines or other alterations of the the vision. Less frequently, limbs become numb or there is difficulty speaking. The aura gives in less than an hour and is followed by headache.

Consultation with the physician when the first episodes of pain occur is important to make the diagnosis early. Once the treatment is prescribed a doctor should be referred if there is a pain of a different intensity than usual if the pain worsens at bedtime the medication is no longer effective there are side effects or in the case of women if there is Probability of being pregnant at which time certain drugs should not be ingested.

With the current treatments, the pains can last only a few hours. The latest advances in this field are trip tan drugs which are available in the form of subcutaneous injections oral tablets and nasal sprays. Over-the-counter painkillers such as acetaminophen ibuprofen or aspirin are effective when migraine is mild. However, chronic use of such painkillers should be avoided as they may cause rebound headaches. As a guideline, they should not be used more than 2 times in a week.


  • How to prevent migraine attacks?
  • To prevent migraine attacks it is advisable to avoid:
  • bright lights,
  • loud noises,
  • mental or physical stress,
  • changes in sleep patterns,
  • smoking
  • lack of food
  • alcohol
  • abusive eating of certain foods such as Which contain the amino acid tramline (red wines, cured cheese, smoked fish and some vegetables), chocolates, nuts, some fruits, meats containing nitrates (bacon, salami), among others.

The duration of untreated migraine episodes varies greatly. With current treatments, the duration is shorter. When symptoms appear, some measures should be taken such as resting in a quiet dark room drinking fluids to avoid dehydration, and placing cold cloths on the head.

When the episodes are frequent (weekly) it should be consulted to assess the need for a preventive treatment that reduces the frequency of migraine episodes and thus reduce the consumption of pain relievers. It is important to lead a regular life avoiding lack of sleep, copious meals, etc. The exercise outside episodes of pain is beneficial. Tags related migraine symptoms treatments health imq neurology headache symptoms treatments