Research found that regardless of whether lowered the overweight patients a heart-healthy diet lowers bad cholesterol.

A heart-healthy diet, as the Mediterranean diet, helped men at high risk of cardiovascular disease reduce your bad cholesterol, whether lost weight, according to a study released today, which was introduced by the American Heart Association in its Scientific Sessions Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 2013.

Research Content heart patients

The study, whose lead author is the dietitian Caroline Richard, relieved nineteen men between 24 and 62 years. Patients with metabolic syndrome, a set of several diseases and risk factors that increase the likelihood that the patient is suffering from cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus or stroke. The increased percentage of this disease, as well as lowering the age in which they have, has been remarkable in recent years worldwide. Risk factors that were taken into account and that were included in the research are: excessive waist circumference, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, and fasting glucose and low levels of high density lipoprotein HDL or “good” cholesterol .


High-fat diet and Mediterranean diet

In the first stage, for five weeks, the men followed what could be a standard diet of North America, that is high in fat, carbohydrates, refined sugars and red meat. In the second part of the study were another five weeks, but this time the participants ate a Mediterranean diet, which is rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, unrefined cereals and whole grains, moderate to high consumption of fish, dairy and moderate low in red meat consumption. Also included olive oil and moderate wine consumption. In a third stage of the study participants were subjected to a weight loss regimen for 20 weeks and finally in the last phase of the study were provided with a Mediterranean diet again for another five weeks.

Research findings in relation to cholesterol

The results of the study confirmed that, regardless of whether patients lost weight, decreased 9 percent levels of low density lipoprotein (LDL), known as “bad” cholesterol . Similarly, blood levels of the protein part of the lipoprotein called apolipoprotein B , fell 9 percent after eating the Mediterranean diet. Apolipoprotein plays a major role in lipid transport and metabolism.

The study’s lead author Caroline Richard said: “The Mediterranean-style diet may be recommended for effective treatment of metabolic syndrome and the risk associated with cardiovascular disease. ” Richard, is a candidate in nutrition under the guidance of Dr. BenoĆ®t Lamarche, University of Quebec, Canada.