The change in lifestyle and diet to prevent and treat high cholesterol in groups of people who have no risk or genetic factors.

Anywhere in the world, particularly the developed, high cholesterol is a fairly common disease. If the blood tests give a high figure of cholesterol, most likely, the physician may prescribe a drug called statin group.

What do statins in cholesterol and cardiovascular system

Statins block the production of cholesterol in the liver and may lower that level between 20% and 40%. The lock acts on a key enzyme in the production of LDL. Cholesterol is a natural product of the liver and in the right quantities is not a problem for the body, but sometimes there is too much cholesterol and statin drugs block the enzyme linked to the liver’s production of cholesterol. Just as reduce bad cholesterol (LDL) can increase good cholesterol (HDL) and lower triglycerides. This function regardless of statins have beneficial effects associated with the cardiovascular system because they reduce the oxidative stress of the body tissues, reduce inflammation (such as aspirin) and stabilizing the plate (atheromas) in the walls of blood vessels.

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Side effects of statins

However, like all drugs, statins have many adverse side effects. They include muscle and joint pain, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, liver damage, skin rash and redness and digestive problems are some of the best known. Some time ago the U.S. FDA, joined the list two effects: memory loss (reversible) and increased levels of blood sugar (something that is not good for diabetics). These effects should be incorporated into the printed indications of medication in the container.

Percentage of people taking statins in the U.S. and consequences

Already in 2010 it was reported that 50 percent of American men and 39 percent of American women, ranging in age from 65 to 74, had been taking statins.

What to do in case of high cholesterol

Therefore it is recommended for groups of patients mentioned, avoid excuses to change the lifestyle, especially diet changes , something that everyone can do to maintain healthy cholesterol levels, something that is “key to the lowering cholesterol. ” In any case the advice would be to consult with your doctor about the situation of each one, before starting drug treatment to combat high cholesterol. Subject to this consultation there are tools available to anyone and among these are:

Eating less red and processed meat: animal products are the main source of cholesterol. Red meat is the main culprit when it comes to high cholesterol levels, not to mention the saturated fat.
Eat more vegetables: Fruits and vegetables, including whole grains and dried fruits are a good source of antioxidants not only heart healthy, but also a good dietary fiber to lower cholesterol. Fiber acts like a sponge to absorb the bad cholesterol, not to mention that fruits and vegetables are just one source of good cholesterol.
Exercise: Regular physical activity not only lowers bad cholesterol but also increases the good.
Stop smoking: smoking reduces the levels of good cholesterol (HDL) .