The insulin secreted by the pancreas, diabetes. Clases remedy for adverse reactions, latest discoveries.How and where to inject insulin,

Insulin is the hormone produced by the pancreas, is composed of 51 amino acids. The lack of insulin causes diabetes. Excess insulin causes hyperinsulinism with hypoglycemia. Insulin is synthesized in the beta cells of the pancreas and released under the influence of various stimuli, including: protein intake and glucose and blood passage from digested food.

What kind of diabetics have to inject insulin?

Some people with type 2 diabetes and without exception all who have type 1 diabetes need to control their blood sugar levels by insulin. The goal is to maintain the level of sugar in the blood so that the patient can lead a normal life as much as possible. Insulin is generally applied by injection or an insulin pump. The endocrine must say when and as putting insulin. Not all people have the same treatment. Some people apply a scheduled insulin 30 to 60 minutes before each meal. If you use the quick insulin taken immediately before each meal.


Types of insulin

· The rapid-acting insulin (such as insulin lispro, insulin aspart and insulin glulisine) has to take 15 minutes before starting to eat and usually lasts between 3 and 5 hours

· The short-acting insulin (such as insulin regular) has been taking between 30 to 60 minutes before eating and lasts 5-8 hours.

· The intermediate-acting insulin (such as NPH insulin) starts working in 1-3 hours and lasts 12 to 16 hours.

· The long-acting insulin (such as insulin glaring and insulin Demeter) has to take 1 hour before eating and lasts 20 to 26 hours.

· Premixed insulin is a combination of two types of insulin (usually, a rapid-acting insulin or short-acting and intermediate-acting insulin).

Where to inject insulin

Insulin injected just under the skin, is a subcutaneous injection. Medical staff to teach the patient an injection of insulin. The places for injecting is the upper arm, thigh and abdomen removed at least 2 inches from the navel. It is best to rotate the resting places for them to go all. Typically the syringe is injected at 90 but if the person is too thin is more convenient to do at 45.

Insulin reactions

The level of blood sugar may fall too, if you exercise more than usual, not eating enough and on time or if you apply too much insulin. This reaction is called hypoglycemia, symptoms of hypoglycemia are:

* Tiredness no reason
· Yawning frequently
· Unable to speak or think clear
· Losing muscle coordination
· Sweating
· Spasmodic contractions
· Have a seizure
· Having the feeling that suddenly you will desmallar
· Discoloring of the face and lips
· Lose consciousness.

Latest news on insulin

One of the latest discoveries about insulin is that the stem cells from umbilical cord insulin. A study by American and British researchers concluded that stem cells from the umbilical cords of newborns can be engineered to produce insulin and in the future may be used to treat diabetes.