Vaccinations prevent the outbreak of dangerous diseases. Whether mumps, measles, polio, or meningitis, a timely protection can save lives.

Many parents may be hard to imagine that in this day and age there are still serious infections may have dramatic consequences for the offspring. But also long-term effects of disease can be very dangerous. Therefore, the Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO) has compiled a list of recommended vaccinations. STIKO of Germany meets twice a year to discuss the important issues to immunization and infectious diseases. In Germany, all vaccinations are voluntary. Therefore, the decision lies with the parents for any protection. This must, however, decide as soon as starting the provision already in the third month of life.

Standard vaccination schedule for babies and toddlers

* First From the third month:
* Diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (whooping cough), 3x in 4 weeks apart
* Polio 2x, at a distance of 8 weeks
* Hemophiliacs influenza (Hib) 2x, at intervals of 6-8 weeks
* Hepatitis B, 2 at a distance of 8 weeks


Second From the second year:

* Measles-mumps-rubella (combination vaccine), 1 Vaccination
* Polio 3, Vaccination
* Diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis 4th, Vaccination
* Hemophiliacs influenza (Hib) 3, Vaccination
* Hepatitis B 3, Vaccination

When should not be vaccinated?

Under some circumstances, an upcoming vaccination must be delayed or even waived. In acute illness with fever above 38.5 degrees Celsius, the doctor will make a new appointment. Moreover, given shortly before and after surgery no vaccination. If there is an allergy to chicken, no vaccine can also be administered. Give the child drugs that suppress the immune system, as with HIV or tumor disease should not receive live vaccines are used.

What are not vaccination obstacles?

A slight cold and Oryza with elevated temperature. Treatment with antibiotics, low-dose corticosteroids or corticosteroid creams. Convulsions also in the family or previous fevers are not a reason to forgo vaccination. Preterm babies can be protected. Basis for a vaccine is the age, not birth weight.

Possible side effects and complications

The immune system responds to such a vaccine to a proper infection. Therefore, there may be fever and malaise. Also, the puncture site include redness or swelling. These are usually harmless. If the patient is very sleepy, he gets a high fever or does it throw up, the doctor should be consulted. This could be a complication which must be observed.

Special circumstances for vaccination

In some parts of Germany ticks are very common. These include in particular parts of Lower Saxony and Bavaria. By a bite of a spider, an animal-borne encephalitis (TBE) is transmitted. This can occur under certain circumstances a dangerous disease of the brain or the meninges. In any case, a doctor’s advice to take place about whether vaccination against TBE is necessary and useful.

Also, the holiday season can be potentially dangerous. Is the chosen destination outside of Europe, special vaccinations are essential. Especially children become seriously ill by contaminated food or insect bites. It depends on the holiday destination. Whether malaria, jaundice, typhoid, cholera, rabies, hepatitis A and B, in good time to inform you, is very important. Some countries require different vaccinations before traveling so that tourists do not introduce any diseases that could threaten the population.