The dental plaque is a set of organisms that aggregate strongly to tooth surfaces and can lead to other diseases such as tartar, tooth decay, gingivitis and periodontal disease. Caries is, in fact, a degenerative disease of the basic infectious that affects the enamel and dentin: the bacteria react with sugars supply forming acids that degrade the enamel making it more vulnerable to the tooth to form a cavity. The areas that are subject to this process are the surfaces of chewing teeth, between the teeth and in the root zone. Can lead, if not treated properly in time to deep and irreversible injury of the tooth. Prevention is undoubtedly the most effective way and, then, how to prevent tooth decay and plaque?


The first thing you must do a thorough daily oral hygiene with the help of a toothbrush, mouthwash, dental floss, brush and toothpaste that contains fluoride. Fluoride combats plaque and caries, as it limits the adhesion of bacteria to the tooth and blocks the metabolic pathways of microorganisms. The teeth should be brushed after every meal even after eating only a piece of candy! You have to brush it necessarily from the gum to the tooth, then floss to remove the plaque that a toothbrush can not do it.

Also at the table is implemented prevention. In fact, diets high in sugar aggravate the process in a meaningful way carcinogenic as they provide substrates for the growth of bacteria. We must, therefore, reduce the consumption of sweets especially avoiding sweet snacks (snacks, chocolate, candy, etc.) and increase that of cereals, fruit, vegetables that are rich in fiber and also clean the surface of the tooth. There are some foods that can inhibit the growth of microorganisms such as those rich in (berries, wine, strawberries), (green tea), glycerine acid A (liquorice sticks).

A further decisive factor in prevention is to make monitoring visits to the dentist to trust. The dentist will check the integrity of the plaque and dental tissues. It is preferable to do the checks at least twice a year. Also helps in sealing, the application, namely, a resin in the deep grooves present on the surface of the posterior teeth where the risk is greater. Prevention is better than a cure.