AIDS today and the consequences of antiretroviral therapy.

The reality AIDS today is very different regions of the planet. As in many poor countries access to treatment is difficult because of their high costs, others with access to antiretroviral therapy appears to be controlled disease.

Antiretroviral treatment has no fear

Many think that since the appearance of virus in 1981 not gone far enough because almost 30 years of disease onset was not found a cure. In its early stages the disease, mostly affecting the gay community, was identified as “gay plague.” But the disease soon moved on to other groups like drug users and sex workers after reaching the general population.


In those years, new drugs failed after one season in 1996 secundarios.Pero severe effects appeared miracle antiretroviral therapy highly active, which had the immediate effect a reversal of symptoms and the fall of the mortalidad.A from this “miracle” happened to be chronic disease. This has generated a new sense of faith in people in the new treatment, causing many people vigilant on prevention.

Antiretroviral therapy does not kill but it involves a big change in life

Since the advent of treatment seems to be that the disease is only taking pills the rest of his life. The first thing you say to a person living with HIV positive is that you have to take medication and thus lead a full and healthy life. But even if not kill, in the near future the person will depend on medication the rest of his life with side effects. Also unfortunately for many people fail antiretroviral therapy, with no positive outcome to treatment. Treatment is expensive and complicated and the patient wears.

Despite the achievements of antiretroviral treatment truth is that being HIV-positive indicates a turning point in the life of a person. If there’s a future vaccine which can eradicate the disease is likely to depend on lifelong medication because the virus does not disappear, and if treatment is abandoned HIV attacks harder.

Side effects of antiretroviral therapy

Like any medication treatment against the AIDS virus has its side effects short and long term. HIV affects each person differently still very large list of side effects as headache, fatigue (tiredness), nausea, diarrhea, insomnia, anemia, high cholesterol, pancreatitis and liver failure and eventually many of these effects can bring wear the sick and serious consequences. But one effect of antiretroviral therapy that generates much concern and fear of who starts treatment is lipodystrophy, which is the most visible face of the HIV carriers, with the social effects it generates. As a result many choose to leave the medication with serious consequences.

Lipodystrophy and treatment aids

Lipodystrophy has become the social stigma of AIDS. It involves changes visible in the body as a result of antiretroviral therapy. “Lipo” means fat and “dystrophy” abnormal growth. Fat loss occurs in the arms, legs and face. Fat deposits mainly occur in the stomach and neck. Possible treatments for lipodystrophy (cosmetic medicine) require high economic costs.

Fortunately Spain, one of the vanguard in protecting the rights and quality of life of HIV carriers has taken into account the impact of lipoatrophy (deformed appearance with loss of fat in the face) in HIV patients. Lipoatrophy is associated with depressive and anxiety symptoms that affect the welfare of the patient and because of that the government faces the surgery costs remedial help improve patient’s appearance and hiding the most visible face of the disease.

HIV remains a very tough enemy that kills around the world and in large scale in countries without access to treatment. Those who are lucky enough to have access to antiretroviral therapy are challenged to cope with the disease and side effects involving a major change in their lives. HIV is present, it is a very tough enemy and the best weapon to combat remains prevention.