Pregnant women over 30 who are overweight and family history of diabetes can develop this disease that rarely affects the fetus.

Any woman can develop during pregnancy gestational diabetes. Factors such as obesity, age and inactivity can cause appearance. The good news is that this disease rarely affects the fetus and can usually be controlled, both during pregnancy and afterwards, through a healthy lifestyle that includes exercise and good nutrition.

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The doctor, Andreina Requiz, Medical Advisory Sanofi-Aventis of Venezuela Explains: “This type of diabetes develops during pregnancy in a previously healthy woman. At times it is necessary to use insulin, but often enough with diet and exercise. ” Add to the end of pregnancy, women should maintain a healthy lifestyle and have had this disease is a risk factor for developing Type 2 diabetes in the future. It further stresses that in most cases, the children of mothers with gestational diabetes, “are healthy children, however they must be monitored during the first hours of life as they run the risk of hypoglycemia.”

Genetic fingerprint

Requiz , He adds that women should be aware if your medical history in mind any of the following factors, which are generally associated with gestational diabetes:

¤ Family history of type II diabetes.
¤ Pregnancy after 30 years.
¤ Race more likely African Americans, Native American and Hispanic.
¤ Obesity.
¤ Gestational diabetes during previous pregnancy.
¤ Having given birth to a child over 4 kilos.
¤ Smoking (doubles the risk).

What is diabetes?

Requiz Andreina said that diabetes is a disease that attacks both women and men, and is characterized by increased and sustained chronic glucose (sugar) levels. “There are several types but the three most common are Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes.” The first (type 1) is characterized by a complete lack of insulin and usually develops before age 20, in this case, patients should live the rest of his life using injected insulin.

Add the specialist in the case of type 2 diabetes are some risk factors for its development, such as obesity, sedentary lifestyle, family history and age (increased risk after 50 years). “This is not cured, only controlled. At the time of diagnosis most patients warrant treatment with oral medications only. The patient may be controlled in this way for many years, however in most cases will eventually need insulin use which may be given once a day to maintain baseline blood glucose in combination with oral medication, and then can be quickly adding insulin doses with meals as needed, phased oral treatment. ”

Requiz warning about the need to see a doctor to control blood glucose. “In the case of type 2 diabetes, the patient may spend many years suffering from the disease without knowing it. When a person is diagnosed and is about 5 years with diabetes. There are no exact numbers on how many people are unaware of their situation. ” Considers that the lifestyle imposed on society over the past 50 years, with features such as fast food and sedentary lifestyle, among others, has picked up the rates of type 2 diabetes worldwide.

Insulin: origin of diabetes

The World Health Organization (WHO) celebrated every 14 November World Diabetes Day. This date was chosen as the anniversary of the birth of Frederick Banting, Who along with Charles Best Discovered insulin in 1922. WHO estimates that worldwide there are over 220 million people with diabetes figure for 2030 will have doubled.