Autumn Allergies affect more than 20 percent of the population and are expressed in mucosal complications, headaches and other discomforts.

Although high temperatures this year lead us to believe that the summer continues, the truth is that the seasons pass and fall has arrived with the rest of its effects, specifically harmful to health, allergies equinox. Although already in the first half of the year we suffered the same symptoms in the spring, the fall season makes us vulnerable in a key time, just after the summer when the heat thereof and vacation activities have left us without power which need to meet the demands of this new season, returning to work or school.

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The Seasonal allergies that lead to congestion and blocked nose, itchy, watery eyes and sneezing are usually not particularly harmful to health, however, can have complications such as obstruction by mucus drainage from the ears or sinuses, resulting in an inflammation of the same , resulting in sinusitis, Headaches, ear painful infections and inflammations. Moreover, the fall can make things worse for asthmatics to dangerous levels.

How allergy attack?

Autumn allergens are pollen grains released by plants as part of their reproductive cycles. The point is that humans intercept pollen before a recipient plant. Upon entering the nose or mouth, pollen produces a defensive reaction of molecules called immuno globulin E (IGE). These molecules stick to other cells called mast cells special allergy in the respiratory tract. Upon further exposure to this combination of IGE and mast cells to allergens from pollen, mast cells histamine release (it is a hydro-nitrogenous organic amine involved in local responses of the immune system) and other chemicals associated. The result is that the tissue of the nose and throat begin to swell, mucous membranes, overworked, and our sneezing reflexes react to expel the invaders: an allergy attack.

What makes it different from autumn allergies?

The spring allergies are caused by pollen from a variety of plants and trees. Instead, fall allergens are mostly weeds, especially ragweed. On the other hand, the dust affects those with this allergy all year, like mold, especially in late fall, because falling leaves are the enabling environment for mold to generate humidity.

How can we protect from seasonal allergies?

First, it is important to keep doors and windows closed to reduce the amount of pollen that gets into the house. Herbs usually release pollen in greater numbers during the early morning hours, so even if you are comfortable sleeping, waking up can be congested and sneezing attack. To avoid the heat, you can use the air conditioning, although it is important that the same filter is clean.

It is also important to keep the house clean, especially after it has been exposed to the outside during the summer to have the windows open. Finally, you can change clothes to get into the house to get rid of those who were able to adhere to the outside. As always, if you are allergic, it is important to consult your doctor to enter a defense program.

How to treat allergies?

First, the Antihistamines. This is a drug that blocks the action of histamine in allergic reactions by blocking its receptors. Thus, relieve allergy symptoms such as mucus from the nose, watery eyes and sneezing. The most used are Claritine and Polaramine. In addition, inflammatorys, which require a prescription, prevent inflammation and the release of histamine at the cellular level. In short, stop the allergic reaction before it occurs.