With increasing age, both internal processes and external factors cause detrimental changes in the skin. Just as you pass 25, facial skin starts to lose its elasticity and natural vitality, eventually resulting in symptoms like fine lines, wrinkles, and sagged skin. The end result is a complete change in the overall appearance of the face; loss of volume-giving epidermal cells causes facial volume loss, which is responsible for the change in facial structure and aged skin.

Loss of facial volume is pretty much recognizable because it causes an individual to look old, tired, and less radiant. ‘Reversal’ of the facial structure causes the jaw line to appear wider and the forehead to appear slimmer; this is due to the sagging skin and loss of voluminous facial muscle, especially around the mouth. The cheeks flatten, wrinkles on the face increase greatly, and the edges of the mouth start to point downwards due to gravity.


Causes of facial volume loss

Aging is indeed a game of genetics, but environmental factors also play a vital role. External causes and inherent aging processes combine to decelerate the bodily functions that rejuvenate the skin, causing aging, and therefore facial volume loss, to occur.

In medical terms, it is the breakdown of the extracellular matrix of the skin that causes it to lose the structural and adhesive proteins which hold the youthful texture of the skin together. Although the intrinsic, genetic factors contributing to facial volume loss are unavoidable, you can easily avoid most of the extrinsic factors that contribute to facial volume loss.

Other causes include exposure to sun and smoking. The ultraviolet radiation from the sun and nicotine from cigarettes causes collagen in the skin to break down faster than normal; collagen is responsible for the elasticity and youthfulness of the skin.

A diet poor in essential vitamins and low water intake are also contributing factors towards facial volume loss. Unbalanced hormones in the body, due to intake of medicine or other external catalysts, also cause loss of facial fat. Hormone levels (especially estrogen) also decrease naturally with age, and this causes the quality and level of facial fat to drop. Extreme exercising and diet control to lose weight can also cause an unintentional loss of structural muscle in the face.

Treatment options

The treatment of facial volume loss includes surgical invasive options like transferring fat, cheek implants and injecting temporary fillers. Noninvasive options include the use of thermo waves and ultra waves to tighten loose skin that sags downwards due to gravity. AngelLift for mouth wrinkle reduction and other similar options are also considered non-invasive. Such procedures rely on Dermastrips to lift out lower facial lines the natural way, replacing the pressure lost via age and adding volume under the skin in a painless way. Dermastrips feature technology that help replace lost pressure, and the skin reacts quickly to the procedure, creating a smoother, youthful skin.

It is also recommended to avoid the sun as much as possible. Despite being a reliable source for Vitamin D, sun exposure causes many skin problems including wrinkles, brown spots, and early aging. A good idea is to use a SPF 45 or lower sun screen when going out. Moreover, avoiding periodic episodes of extreme dieting and opting for a consistent healthy diet plan prevents facial fat loss that causes wrinkling. Any changes in the bone mass also contribute to facial volume loss; it is advisable to stick to healthy foods that are rich in calcium and vitamin D to prevent early deterioration of bone mass.