Dry mouth is a temporary condition that occurs when the salivary glands do not produce enough saliva due to medication or disease.

The dry mouth is usually a temporary condition caused by lack of saliva production required by the salivary glands. Most likely this is an adverse side effect of many medications or in other cases, a symptom of certain diseases.The dry mouth is not fatal, but can be very annoying and can have negative effects on dental health. The medical term for dry mouth is xerostomia.

Causes of xerostomia

Several drugs, such as antidepressants and anticholinergics, the salivary gland infections, smoking and certain diseases are common causes of dry mouth. The permanent dryness can also be caused by radiation treatments in the mouth, head or neck tumors.

Dry mouth and Sjogren syndrome

The disease called Sjogren syndrome produces permanent dryness in the mouth. Sjogren’s syndrome is more common in older people (about 1% of people over 60 years suffer). Dry mouth, along with dry eyes, and possibly other mucous membranes, is one of the symptoms of Sjogren’s syndrome.

Symptoms and complications of xerostomia

The permanent dryness of the mouth may make it difficult for people to talk, eat or swallow. They also appear food particles and bacteria from the mouth. The decrease in saliva causes difficulty in chewing and swallowing and thick foods abrasion. The lack of saliva in the mouth allows bacteria to accumulate. This increases the risk of halitosis (bad breath), tooth decay and gum disease. As the taste buds are what allow to taste the food that dissolves in liquid saliva, dry mouth people have trouble trying it. It also makes it difficult to olfactory function.


Check with your doctor for dry mouth

Someone with a dry mouth and additional symptoms should be seen by a doctor to see if any disease or health situation is causing these symptoms. The doctor may do a physical exam and studies to see if the salivary glands are working properly. One study possible is a salivary gland biopsy, a procedure in which a sample of tissue removed and examined under a microscope. Dry mouth is also a common side effect of many medications, so doctors often ask for a history of prior drug intake. The doctor can also determine other possible causes of dry, like radiation therapy for cancer and smoking .

Treatment and prevention of xerostomia

Dry mouth is usually temporary, usually disappears when the underlying infection is cured or drugs that caused it are stopped. If dryness is due to a particular disease, its treatment or management can help prevent dry mouth symptoms. A palliative is to use a spray of artificial saliva may relieve dry mouth. It also indicates constantly drinking fluids, sugarless gum, sucking on sugarless candy, ice chips, dried fruit slices, using a humidifier at night or use mouthwash. There are medications such as pilocarpine, which can stimulate the salivary glands to produce more saliva.

Medications are discouraged dry mouth as antihistamines and decongestants, smoking and drinking highly acidic citrus juices. Regarding dental health, you must brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste or use fluoride rinses to prevent cavities. You should also consult your dentist for regular checkups. If the dry mouth pain and swelling is added