Cholesterol today is considered the number one public enemy of health, to intervene in the development of various diseases

Cholesterol is a substance made ​​by the body that can not dissolve in the blood must travel through the circulatory system to and from the cells by carriers called lipoproteins, which define the existence of two types of cholesterol, or good friend, composed of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and other cholesterol considered an enemy or bad, comprising low-density lipoprotein (LDL). We know that the balance between the two types of cholesterol are synonymous with health, but too much LDL or bad type, associated with an increase in triglycerides (lipids), is responsible for the development of various diseases such as, heart disease, hypertension, obesity, strokes, among others.

Bad cholesterol or foe (LDL)

When an excess of cholesterol LDL, it can gradually build up on the inner walls of the arteries or pathways along which the arterial blood that supplies all body organs. Over time this abnormal excess accumulation together with other substances, can lead to plaque, which represents a hard and thick deposit passing narrow or reduce the internal diameter of the arteries, while subtracting flexibility.This condition of hardening of the arterial walls called atherosclerosis, a condition which leads to serious consequences, such as hypertension and increased risk of blood clots can block the artery to narrow and produce a heart attack or stroke obstruction.

cholesterol-enemy

Briefly, low density lipoproteins (LDL) carrying most of the cholesterol through the bloodstream and is responsible for deliver to the body cells are larger molecules, less dense and less stable than HDL, are easily oxidized and plaque deposited on arterial walls until blockage, which leads to cardiovascular disease and increased arterial pressure. For all these consequences LDL cholesterol is nicknamed enemy or simply unhealthy.

Good cholesterol or friend (HDL)

You could say that about a third of the cholesterol content in the blood is carried by high-density lipoproteins (HDL), also known as cholesterol or good friend since high levels of this type of cholesterol is favorable to health, because to provide protection by preventing heart attacks, among other health benefits. Low HDL levels which result in lower levels than 40 mg, to increase the risk of heart disease, according to the specialists as such is responsible for carrying lipoprotein cholesterol from arteries back to the liver, where it is expelled naturally by the body, thus eliminate excess cholesterol or LDL forming arterial plaque, reducing their accumulation and away the possibility to atherosclerosis.

Triglycerides, an additional risk factor for health

Triglycerides are a form of fat or lipid produced by the body and when that is disproportionate rise may be due to overweight, physical inactivity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and a diet very high in carbohydrates resulting in 60 percent of total daily calories consumed or more. People with high triglycerides usually also have elevated total cholesterol, as a parameter of the condition of people with heart disease and diabetes had high levels of triglycerides.

Cholesterol is considered a health concern for most people, by relating it to the diseases mentioned, though not, as it is part of our system and is essential for the body to meet its normal functions, only negative health when levels become imbalanced, a situation that is caused by various factors, among which are poor diet, wrong lifestyle of physical inactivity ( sedentary ) or live in constant stress, all factors playing a decisive role in forming disease effects.