Personality disorder Avoidant (TPE) is characterized by a generalized avoidance, both behavioral, emotional and cognitive.

Avoidance, in the final analysis, it is still a fairly common strategy you can employ any person at any given time. Even for those with a personality disorder Avoidant, this is the only possible way. Also for many people diagnosed with various clinical syndromes, avoidance to relieve anxiety or to anticipate difficult situations, it becomes a resource often used often. Hides behind a deep self-deprecation, the Fear of rejection in interpersonal relationships and feel irrational emotions and unpleasant thoughts associated with this rejection, they will not be tolerated.

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Characteristics of avoidant personality

The individual affected by a personality disorder characterized by avoidant feel uncomfortable in any social environment, and even more so when many people. Fear, closely linked to the shyness, Is also associated with negative evaluation can be done, or he imagines, in relation to anything I can do or say. This disorder usually appears at the beginning of adulthood. To diagnose a person affected by this disorder, should be identified with four of the following assumptions:

¤ It presents a wide susceptibility to criticism or disapproval.
¤ Not usually have close friends beyond the family.
¤ It engages easily with people you do not have the certainty of being accepted.
¤ Avoids social or occupational activities that involve significant interpersonal contact.
¤ Tends to avoid interpersonal relationships for fear of doing or saying something inappropriate or ridiculous.
¤ Afraid to show signs of anxiety in front of others.
¤ Tends to exaggerate-for the effort it involves, and therefore reject it, when it comes to something other than what your routine.

Etiology of personality disorder, avoidant

Can not be said that the causes that lead to a personality disorder Avoidant are too light. It seems that the influence of social factors, genetic and biological, would be one of the aspects to consider.
Clinical statistics also indicates that people who have suffered traumatic experiences, such as rejection of the parents, Maltreatment or sexual abuse may develop this disorder. The need for affection and the shell that is built to “defend” the fear of dealing with others, end up being the contradictory way of life that characterizes the person affected by the TPE.

Diagnosing personality disorder Avoidant

Despite his desire for affection, acceptance and friendship, those affected by this disorder tend to have few friends. Even in therapy is difficult for them to discuss this matter. The fear of rejection leads them to live with frequent phases of loneliness and sadness.

The usual thoughts of a TPE are affected by the type: “I’m socially incompetent and undesirable” or “The others are superior to me and reject me if I knew.” The low tolerance of dysphoria and fragile self-esteem, sometimes leads them to escape negative moods through other activities that are not always the most appropriate, such as addictions.

Treatment of personality disorder, avoidant

When a patient with TPE treatment used, it is common to do it for other associated disorders such as anxiety disorders, phobias or other affective disorders such as depression or other. Drug abuse, addiction or Sleep disorders are also common causes why a patient may seek treatment. It is considered very useful to diagnose this disorder as early as possible for treatment to be effective and avoid severe blockages characteristic of this disorder, as they often have negative cognitions about the therapeutic relationship, just as present with the other relationships.