The dissociative identity disorder, such as flight or dissociative amnesia, which acts as a defense against traumatic events.

Dissociative disorders are psychological defense mechanisms that inhibit the conscious knowledge memories, feelings and perceptions associated with some experiences very stressful As certain disasters or accidents, and more frequently, psychological trauma experienced during childhood.

Dissociative disorders grouped various disorders including dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, dissociative identity disorder and a more diffuse psychiatry included under the denomination of dissociative disorder with no other specifics.

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Dissociative Amnesia

The amnesia dissociative is the inability to recover important personal information, usually referred to particularly stressful or traumatic events.

We can distinguish different types of amnesia:

Located: Inability to remember events that occurred during a specific period.
Generalized: Inability to remember everything that happened in your life.
Continuous: knowledge are forgotten after a specified period to the present.
Systematized: Loss of memory of certain categories of information.

Causes of Dissociative Amnesia

The dissociative amnesia has its origin in certain traumatic experiences, stress, serious or severe internal conflicts. Episodes of amnesia may occur, usually originating in childhood-maltreatment or sexual abuse, and in overwhelming situations where the threat, injury or death than the individual’s ability to integrate when a conscious level. It may be a violation, a war or natural disaster. Similarly, high-stress situations such as abandonment, death of a loved one or financial ruin, can lead to dissociative amnesia.

Diagnosis and treatment of dissociative amnesia

The first step is a physical and psychiatric examination. To discard the toxic substances performed blood and urine. Similarly, to determine if the source is in a seizure disorder, an electroencephalogram was performed. From there, specialized psychological tests help the doctor determine the origin.

The treatment is based on the hypnosis or the effects of certain drugs. It is a delicate process, since the patient may evoke disturbing events of the past. However, it is necessary to recover these memories and integrated into the identity of the person. From there, continue treatment focused on the understanding of trauma and how to solve it.

Dissociative Fugue

The Dissociative Fugue is running away from home or work site, associated with loss of memory. Some individuals expressed confusion about their identity and others develop a new one. The patient flees, but is not aware of the leak. Many individuals can not remember the events for that state.

Diagnosis and treatment of dissociative fugue

The diagnosis is made retrospectively by reviewing its history and collecting information that documents the events leading to the abandonment, the flight itself and the new life. When dissociative fugue is repeatedly spoken of a dissociative identity disorder. The treatment is similar to that applied to dissociative amnesia. Most patients are treated in general hospitals or psychiatric facilities.

Dissociative Identity Disorder

In dissociative identity disorder alternating two or more identities, which are added episodes of amnesia. Dissociative identity disorder can be chronic, potentially debilitating or even fatal. The prevalence of suicide is higher in this disorder than any other. The inability to remember important information is mixed with the simultaneous knowledge of the information by other coexisting personalities. Some interact as if they knew of a complex inner world.

Causes of Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative identity disorder may be due to various reasons, sometimes interacting with each other:

¤ Unaffordable stress: physical, psychological or sexual abuse during childhood.
¤ Ability to separate one’s memories, perceptions, or identity from conscious awareness.
¤ Abnormal development before consolidating a vision of self and others.
¤ Insufficient protection and care of children.

Diagnosis and Treatment Dissociative disorder

Diagnosis includes a medical and psychiatric interview, focusing on dissociative experiences. There are special interviews to identify the disorder. You can also use hypnosis or medication interviews with access to their personalities. Doctors, by speaking the part of the mind involved in a particular behavior, they get to bring to light the different personalities. The patient may not remember this behavior or have experienced more as an observer as an active subject.

The treatment involves emotional crisis due to actions of the personalities and despair associated with traumatic memories during therapy. Are often necessary periods of psychiatric hospitalization. Hypnosis is often used to manifest personalities, facilitate communication between them and stabilize them and integrate them. It is also useful to reduce the impact of traumatic memories.