The consequences of the disease of alcoholism becoming increasingly necessary recovery therapies and treatment for alcohol addiction.

Alcoholism is an addiction in which, according Alcoholics Anonymous Combine two elements: a physical need for alcohol, and a mental obsession for it. Both come together in a compulsion to neutralize control and underestimates the consequences. Alcoholism is a disease that can not be stopped with the sheer force of will. If there are no adequate means becomes a progressive and incurable disease, but like other diseases, can be stopped.

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Symptoms of alcoholism

One of the most common effects of alcohol on the nervous system is depressed. It takes large amounts of alcohol for the first reactions manifest as a decrease in the concentration and trial. In excessive amounts, alcohol produces intoxication that can lead to coma ethyl. Alcohol also affects other body systems. Excessive consumption may cause gastrointestinal tract irritation. Vitamins are not absorbed properly, resulting in nutritional deficiencies in alcoholics of long duration. Are also common liver problems. As the nervous system, alcoholism can cause serious mental disorders such as memory loss, learning impairment, inflammation of the nerves, and even the so-called “Korsakoff syndrome”.

The cardiovascular system may also be affected. The result in sexual dysfunction Erectile Dysfunction the penis in men and the disappearance of menstruation in women. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can cause problems in fetal development, developing the so-called fetal alcohol syndrome. Psychological factors are observed anxiety, Conflicts in relationships, low self-esteem, irritability, etc.

Etiology of alcoholism

Actually there are many reasons why a person can end up becoming an alcoholic. Among the most common are the hereditary type. It is believed that there is some genetic predisposition that leads to drinking. However, many alcoholics do not have ancestors with this problem. Education, when there is a lack of appropriate norms and standards is a factor significantly in a bad relationship with alcohol. Also the shyness -The inability to carry out normal interpersonal relationships is an element that can lead to alcohol abuse. Personal problems, coupled with low Resilience Also form one of the most common reasons to seek refuge in alcohol.

Treatment of Alcoholism

The treatment of alcoholism in psychology includes:

¤ Psychotherapy: The goal is for the alcoholic to control the low tolerance to frustration, the ideas of helplessness and guilt. It informs the patient about the consequences of alcoholism and is taught to control personal crisis. Self-reinforcement techniques are used for the successes that are achieved by involving family and friends. Identify risk situations to deal with them, and the behaviors that lead to addiction.
¤ Group Therapy: The aim is to strengthen training and social skills.
¤ Supportive psychotherapy: It creates an environment where the alcoholic can express their emotions and awareness of the problem.
¤ Dynamic group psychotherapy: the individual is away from their conflicts so you can speak freely, seeking resolution in a line similar to cognitive-behavioral therapy group.
¤ Family Therapy: We analyze the prism of systemic therapy, noting the family as a system in which to locate the “family dysfunction” which causes the alcoholic patient in their environment.

Alcohol Rehabilitation

The WHO defined in 1952 to alcoholics “as excessive drinkers whose dependence on alcohol has reached the point that there is a clear mental disorder or have health problems that interfere physically and mentally in their personal, social and labor, or who show prodromal signs of these problems”.

Given this reality began to become aware of the need to implement measures to fight this addiction.
Support groups or self-help have proven to be one of the most effective in fighting this addiction: The most representative and widespread in the world are the Associations of Alcoholics Anonymous.