Contraception and abortions: classifications, pros and cons.

The conception of a child is a momentous event for humans, since it receives not only a life, but also take on new obligations. This is why for people who do not want children, reaching as important methods of birth control (to prevent) and abortions (to terminate the pregnancy).

Birth Control

There are basically two main types of methods of birth control: The hormonal and barrier. The first act in different ways, either by preventing a woman from ovulating, blocking the semen from entering the cervix or by preventing the embryo from attaching to the endometrium. Barrier methods work by preventing the sperm reaching the egg. Both are perfectly legal.

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The most common hormonal methods are birth control pills. There are two types of pills: combination pills (containing progestin and estrogen) and progestin-only. Each type of compressed work in different ways, depending on their hormone content, but always preventing pregnancy. One important thing to consider is that both birth control pills, like other hormonal methods (injections, patches), do not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.

With regard to barrier methods, there are several such as the diaphragm, female condom or spermicides, but the most common is male condom. The male condom is a thin tube, usually made of latex, which is used to cover the penis. This lowers the chance of pregnancy by 99% and reduce the possibility of getting an ETS (STDs). Regarding this issue, it is important to note that while using a condom, a person can still become infected with an STD. This is especially true in the case of bacterial and viral infections have been living on the skin. For example, herpes and human papilloma virus. However, we must take into account that no method of birth control is 100% effective, and when a pregnancy occurs undesirably many women opt for abortion.

Abortions

The abortion is the interruption of pregnancy before the 180 days of gestation and may be spontaneous or induced. There are essentially two types of abortions: the spontaneous and induced. The first is defined as the natural loss of pregnancy before 26 weeks when the fetus is not yet able to survive outside the womb guarantees. And the inductees, as defined by WHO, are the result of deliberate maneuvers practiced with the intention of terminating the pregnancy. The maneuvers can be performed by the pregnancy itself or by another person on behalf of it.

In turn, there are two methods of induced abortion: the surgical and pharmacological. The first is the interruption of pregnancy in the operating room by a surgical technique, the most used is that of suction curettage, in which, after disinfecting the genital area and dilate the cervix, the uterine contents were emptied by aspiration then making a curettage or scraping of the cavity. Medical abortion is the intake of various drugs to achieve the interruption of pregnancy. The drug most commonly used is RU-486.

Contrast

Contraceptive methods are legal and easily accessible, abortions are illegal in many countries and therefore unsafe. The abortion can be induced in many ways, and the choice depends on the time development of the embryo or fetus, the mother’s health, the socioeconomic context in which the decision is made and performed the act, especially access to medical services, and the limits set by legislation, among many other factors.

On the other hand, what to consider when choosing a contraceptive method is effective, the chance to use it as directed, the age and general health status, the frequency with which they have sex , and the type of protection conferred against STDs. As a result of regular hormonal contraception, the worst side effects include nausea, weight gain (with high-dose pills), bleeding between periods and headaches. As a result of an abortion by suction curettage or aspiration, you can see infection, cervical trauma, peritonitis, endometritis, laceration, thrombosis, sterility, etc.

According to WHO, it is estimated that in the world are between 42 and 46 million abortions annually (between 20 and 22% of the 210 million pregnancies that occur worldwide per year), representing, for whom consider the embryo as human life, the leading cause of death in the species. In Argentina, abortion is the leading cause of maternal death, maternal mortality rate (MMR) is 82 per 100,000 live births. On the other hand, no deaths from the use of contraceptives. It only remains to bring the unknown, what is better to prevent or remedy?