It is one of the most common diseases of humans, is caused by damage to the outer layers of the skin where cancer cells are generated

The Cancer Skin cancer is the most common of all types that exist, can be experienced by anyone, mainly affecting the white skins, skins which have lots of moles or atypical moles and having people with relatives Direct who have had the disease. A major cause for this disease is constant exposure to sunlight.

Skin cancers

There are a number of types detected so far, but for pathological study alone is usually divided into two types: non-melanoma and melanoma.

1. The nonmelanoma skin cancer: is the most common and is called nonmelanoma because they formed from other skin cells are not accumulating the pigment (the melanocytes ). It can occur in areas that have this in the sun, chemicals, among others, such as the nose, forehead, lips or ears.

2. Skin Cancer Melanoma: Is malignant tumor of the skin more serious by the ability of the cells to detach from the source, travel through the lymph vessels or blood vessels and into the lymph or stay in different organs (metastasis). Under special cancer: the world health. this is, can be recognized by a change in the appearance of the skin, like a wound that does not heal or a small bump. You may also see a red, rough or flaky with a tendency to grow.


Treatments for melanoma and non-melanoma skin

The treatment for skin cancer usually vary depending on the size thereof, the site is located in the body and the type of skin cancer, for such cases is usually used in all types of pathology surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

So for non-melanoma, surgery may consist essentially of the removal of the condition, or freezing this with nitrogen and then destroy damaged cells, failing often used laser surgery .

Chemotherapy used for this type of cancer, drugs are usually given orally or intravenously, to arrive at the whole body or topical use on the affected part.

Radiotherapy often accompany chemotherapy in some cases, this involves the use of a large amount of energy or X-rays used to destroy or reduce the number of cancer cells in the body.

For malignant melanoma types are typically used in conjunction discussed above, surgery is performed on all tissue damage and is complemented with a stage rigorous drug and / or radiotherapy.

How to avoid skin cancer

The League Against Cancer in Bogota (Colombia), gives the following advice to avoid getting this disease:

* Avoid long sunlight outside, especially at midday, when ultraviolet light is more intense.
* Protect your skin with clothing including a long sleeved shirt and a wide-brimmed hat.
* Wear sunscreen. The sunscreen should have a sun protection factor (SPF, for its acronym in English) of 15 or more. Apply correctly. Many people do not use enough.
* Use glasses (lenses) sunglasses. Sunglasses that wrap around the face with 99% to 100% UV absorption provide the best protection.
* Avoid other sources of UV light such as tanning beds to skin and sun lamps.
* Take special care to protect children from the sun. People suffering severe blistering sunburns, particularly during childhood or adolescence, are at increased risk of developing melanoma.
* Visit your doctor for examining moles that seem suspicious and remove to be indicated.

Finally, it is important to note that before the environmental problems generated in recent times, such as pollution of air and water, the deterioration of the ozone layer that protects us from ultraviolet rays, among many others, have favored the emergence of many diseases, so it is important to take care of our health, essentially in protecting our skin constantly exposed to factors that can alter.